توئـیـپلـماسـی؛ بازنمایی سیاست خارجی ایران در توئیتر

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه روابط بین الملل دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، ایران

2 کاندیدای دکتری روابط بین‌الملل، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

توئیتر یکی از رسانه‌های شبکه اجتماعی است که امکان تعامل گسترده در عرصهٔ جهانی را برای ما فراهم می‌کند. این رسانه در یک دهه اخیر مورد توجه سیاستمداران و به‌ویژه دیپلمات‌ها قرار گرفته و محفلی برای انعکاس اولویت‌ها، ارزش‌ها و ایده‌های آنان شده است. استفاده از این زیرساخت نوع جدیدی از دیپلماسی را با عنوان «توئیپلماسی» به وجود آورده و بیش از 92 درصد از کشورهای عضو سازمان ملل در این رسانه، حساب کاربری دارند و هویت خود و کشورشان را نمایندگی می‌کنند. در ایران نیز سیاستمداران و دیپلمات‌ها از این قافله عقب نمانده‌اند و حضور فعالی دارند. این مقاله در تلاش است با استفاده از نظریه امنیت هستی شناختی به بررسی چگونگی بازنمایی هویت و هنجارهای سیاست خارجی جمهوری اسلامی ایران در توئیتر نماید. پرسش اصلی این است که سیاستمدار ایرانی خود را چگونه و با چه روایتی در شبکه اجتماعی توئیتر عرضه می‌کند؟ بر این اساس محورهای ذیل به‌عنوان روایت ایرانی از سیاست خارجی ایران جمع‌بندی می‌شوند: 1. ایران؛ امنیت ساز منطقه 2. ایران؛ دولت توسعه‌گرای اقتصادی 3. ایران؛ پایبند به تعهدات بین‌المللی و 4. ایران مستقل. مهم‌ترین ناامن کننده روایت ایرانی از سیاست خارجی نیز ایالات‌متحده آمریکا به نمایندگی توئیتر دونالد ترامپ و نیز رژیم صهیونیستی شناسایی‌شده که کنشگران سیاست خارجی جمهوری اسلامی ایران تلاش می‌کنند در مقابل آن هویت امن و معتبر خویش را بازسازی کرده و قوام بخشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Twiplomacy; Representing Iran's foreign policy on Twitter

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hosein Salimi 1
  • Peyman Vahabpour 2
1 International Relations, Law and Political Science, Allameh Tabatabae'i University, Iran.
2 International Relations, Law and political science Faculty, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Twitter is a social media that provides widespread engagement and interaction possibilities. In the last decade, the media has attracted the attention of politicians, especially diplomats, and has become a platform for the reflection of their priorities, values, and ideas. The use of this infrastructure has created a new type of diplomacy called "Twiplomacy", and more than 92 percent of the member states of the United Nations have a user account and represent their identity and their country on Twitter. In Iran, politicians and diplomats have not been able to keep up with this trend to have an active presence. By using the Ontological Security Theory, this essay seeks to explore how Iranian officials, especially diplomats, can represent the identity and norms of the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran on Twitter. The main question is how Iranian politicians narrate themselves on Twitter. In order to investigate this question, in addition to Twitter of Iran's Foreign Minister, Donald Trump and Benjamin Netanyahu's tweets were also considered as the main rivals of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s ontological narration on foreign policy. Accordingly, the following criteria were summarized as Iran's foreign policy narratives: First, Iran as a security maker of the region; second, Iran as an economically developing state; third, Iran as a compliant with international obligations; and last, an independent Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Twiplomacy
  • Twitter
  • Ontological Securtiy
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-                      Zarif M. J (2017p), “Inspired by very high level participation at extraordinary OIC summit, despite handful of telling exceptions. The entire Muslim world stands in solidarity with Palestinians and rejects Trump's gifting of what he does not own to those who have no right to it.” www.Twitter.com/jzarif.

-                      Zarif M. J (2017q), “Today, Iranians--boys, girls, men, women--are ALL IRGC; standing firm with those who defend us & the region against aggression & terror.” www.Twitter.com/jzarif.

-                      Zarif M. J (2017r), “As we inch closer to end of Syrian nightmare through inclusive dialog, we must do same for Yemen. Not impose new crises by bombings, threats or resignations. There's no crisis that diplomacy can’t resolve. We proved that once. Iran aims to secure peace to exclusion of no one.” www.Twitter.com/jzarif

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-                      Zarif M. J (2018b), Iran offered political solutions for Syria and Yemen from the outset, and has always been ready to work for peace in the region, but with serious partners sharing the same objective and not engaged in appeasement gimmicks.” www.Twitter.com/jzarif

-                      Zarif M. J (2018c), “I stressed @CFR & will stress again today @UNGA that it is imperative for us in the Persian Gulf to change the prevailing zero-sum paradigm of exclusion & hostility to one of cooperation and confidence-building. I invite our neighbors & UN to support "Regional Dialogue Forum". www.Twitter.com/jzarif

-                      Zarif M. J (2018d), ”Just returned from fruitful visits to Senegal, Brazil, Uruguay and Namibia, accompanied by tens of Iranian CEOs. Many contracts signed; more on horizon. Iran, open to, and for, business with its many friends across the globe”. www.Twitter.com/jzarif

-                      Zarif M. J (2018e), ”No amount of 'alternative facts' by Trump & Co’s echo chamber, 'vision of light' spin by KSA, or credit-grabbing by the US for defeat of ISIS will change the facts that: 1. It was Iran who helped the people of Iraq & Syria defeat ISIS, and 2. It was the US and KSA who armed it”. www.Twitter.com/jzarif

-                      Zarif M. J (2018f), “Conferred with FM Lavrov in Moscow today; on to Brussels to engage with E3 FMs & EU High Rep Mogherini. Everyone agrees it is imperative that ALL live up to their obligations under JCPOA. IAEA has verified Iran's full compliance, but continuation will depend on full US compliance” www.Twitter.com/jzarif